ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Ndebele:The role of the amabutho in the Ndebele state
- The amabutho (army) played a central role in the Ndebele state.
- These roles included:
- Protecting the trade routes
- Protecting the king
- Defended the state against incursions.
- Herded cattle during times of peace.
- They were raiders and raiding was an important part of the Ndebele economy.
- Helped during harvest times.
- Sometimes provided labour in the king’s fields.
- Hunted elephants for ivory.
- Some were miners.
- Punished offenders and rebelling chiefs on the king’s orders.
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