The Effects of the Bantu Migration

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The Effects of the Bantu Migration

A map showing the movement of the Bantu from the North. Image credit

A map showing the movement of the Bantu from the North. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Effects of the Bantu Migration

The following effects resulted from the Bantu migration to the South:

  • The spread in the use of iron technology and knowledge.
  • There were improvements in the methods used to make and forge iron.
  • This led to an increase in food production as better tools were made.
  • Led to the domestication of cattle which were used to pay the bride’s price and as an insurance against droughts.
  • Led to improvements in crop cultivation-also a variety of sorghum and millets were introduced.
  • This led to a change from hunting and gathering to agri-based communities which were more sedentary.
  • These were used for making thick porridge and for brewing beer.
  • Led to the spread of religion which was used as a way to unite the people.
  • The divine right of kings as defined in most religions helped to keep rebellions in check.
  • The creation of states in Central and Southern Africa.
  • This was helped by the creation of more permanent systems.
  • It also resulted in the movement of Khoi-San communities to remote areas and mountains where they continue to live to this day e.g. in the Kalahari.
  • Bantu migration also led to the loss of culture of the local Khoi-San communities that remained on the land as they were absorbed into the Bantu culture.

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

By | 2017-01-17T11:17:10+00:00 October 6th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|2 Comments

About the Author:

He holds an Honours in Accountancy degree from the University of Zimbabwe. He is passionate about technology and its practical application in today's world.


  1. witness vurayayi January 14, 2016 at 3:46 pm - Reply

    How come I cannot save the web or copy text from your website

    • Garikai Dzoma January 24, 2016 at 7:27 am - Reply

      No you cannot. The whole site is ad supported which means you need to visit the site for us to get the requisite money to continue to support the website. We will be releasing an app soon that will allow you to save the notes and access them offline but it will cost around $2/month. Please see the

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