Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State

////Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State

Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State

A view inside the Great Enclosure. Image credit zarnet.ac.zw

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Great Zimbabwe state (Kingdom): Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State

  • The king ruled the state and was helped to rule by his relatives,
  • the Great wives and others selected for exhibiting high levels of allegiance and loyalty
  • He was the supreme leader and authority in the state
  • The king commanded some provincial rulers who were spread in a bid area
  • The rulers paid tribute to the king to show allegiance and loyalty
  • The rulers however had some degree of autonomy
  • The Great Zimbabwe political structure was flexible as it incorporated conquered states with ease
  • The Great Zimbabwe state was not militaristic as evidenced by the fact that it did not have a standing army
  • The king would however raise an army in cases of emergency and was helped by spirit mediums to instill discipline in the army
  • Most of the times the army was raised to force conquered chiefdoms to pay tribute
  • Witchcraft played a great role in the army
  • The king would marry in many families to foster unity
  • Kingship in the Great Zimbabwe state was hereditary along the male line
  • This means the king was succeeded by either his sons or brothers
  • The king’s senior wife has special political duties in the state
  • She was responsible for the day to day running of the state
  • She was also the chief advisor of the king and was respected highly by everyone
  • She also mediated between the king and his subjects and saw to it that there was sanity in the state

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

By |2017-01-25T18:38:43+00:00January 25th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|1 Comment

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