ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming: Nomadic Pastoralism
- Another traditional farming system still practiced in Africa and dates back for centuries is nomadic pastoralism.
- The people who practice nomadism are called nomads.
- Livestock kept by the nomads in Africa include goats, sheep, donkeys, camels and mules especially in the Sahara desert and cattle in wetter parts, particularly the big-horned Zebu.
|Nomadic group||Area of operation|
|Fulani||Sahel of West Africa|
|Masai||Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania|
|Rufa'a Al Hoi||Sudan|
Reasons for practicing nomadism
- Nomads move from place to place in the manner they do because of the following reasons:
- low rainfall.
- existence of long dry seasons which destroy pastures and evaporate all surface water storage.
- lack of pastures.
- lack of permanent water storage.
- tradition of the people.
- marginal nature of the environment in arid and semi-arid areas.
- shifting positions of the ICT rainbelt coupled with the advance and retreat of the tsetse fly
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