ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: Classification of settlements
- Settlements are generally classified as either rural or urban.
- Rural settlements are those settlements where mostly primary activities occur.
- The majority of settlers in rural areas carry out primary activities in order to earn their living.
- These include activities like mining, farming, fishing and forestry.
- The populations of these settlements often depend on the surrounding land.
- As such settlements grow, they also increase the variety of activities and may develop into urban settlements.
- An urban settlement is one which mainly carries out secondary and tertiary functions.
- Examples of such functions include commerce, banking, manufacturing and service provision businesses such as banking and insurance.
- Urban settlements carry out a wider ranger of services when compared to rural settlements
To access more topics go to the Geography Notes page.