O Level History Notes

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March 2017

The Second Chimurenga: Escalation of the War

By |2017-03-06T09:49:08+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Rhodesia Army soldier standing guard while people play golf

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Escalation of War

  • The war spread throughout Rhodesia by 1977 and ZANLA forces were stationed in Mozambique and they operated in Mashonaland whilst ZIPRA were in Matebeleland and stationed in […]

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Geneva Conference 1976 and Malta Talks 1978

By |2017-03-06T09:43:00+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mugabe in 1976

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Geneva Conference 1976 and Malta Talks 1978

  • In October 1976 ZANU and ZAPU united to form a Patriotic Front
  • They then went to a negotiating conference in Geneva, Switzerland as a united front and all negotiation which […]

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Assassination of Hebert Chitepo 18 March 1975

By |2017-03-06T09:34:36+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Hebert Chitepo Right

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Assassination of Hebert Chitepo 18 March 1975

  • The assassination of Chitepo saw crisis rocking ZANU as there were leadership struggles
  • Chitepo was a lawyer by profession and very intelligent and was a dedicated nationalist who […]

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Foreign Aid in the Second Chimurenga

By |2017-03-06T09:28:19+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Samora Machel provided critical help to Zimbabwe during the Second Chimurenga

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Foreign Aid in the Second Chimurenga

  • The Mozambique government continued giving its support to the ZANLA forces and by October 1975 recruits crossing into Zimbabwe were about […]

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ZANU Military Tactics

By |2017-03-06T09:21:44+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZANLA Fighters at a community meeting

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: ZANU Military Tactics

  • Recruitment into the ZANU army became almost automatic
  • After political education, most young men and women voluntarily joined the guerillas (Vakomana neVasikana)
  • Pungwes increased and intensified and were attended […]

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Second Chimurenga: Nyadzonya raid

By |2017-03-06T09:07:03+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A black member of the Rhodesian Selous Scouts wearing his uniform

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Nyadzonya raid

  • The Rhodesian Security Forces with the help of part-time soldiers organized a major counter-offensive attack on 2 May 1976
  • Rhodesian Selous Scouts on 9 August […]

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Settler’s (Rhodesian Army’s) warfare tactics

By |2017-03-06T08:43:24+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Abel Muzorewa in 2005

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Settler’s warfare tactics

  • They built a powerful army and air force of both whites and blacks. The blacks in white armies were sellouts
  • They also used the state of emergency declaration and used various […]

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Mass Mobilization and Politicization 1972-74

By |2017-03-06T08:16:08+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Josiah “Magama” Tongogara

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Mass Mobilization and Politicization 1972-74

  • The nationalists saw that forceful recruiting was not working so there was need to change their approach to political education
  • They began mobilizing and educating the masses on the need […]

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The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and the People’s Caretaker Council (PPC)

By |2017-03-02T08:37:13+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mugabe the Secretary General of Zanu PF

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:The Zimbabwe African National Union and the People’s Caretaker Council (PPC)

  • After disputes in the nationalist ZAPU, they split into two groups as there was dissatisfaction over Nkomo’s leadership after he accepted […]

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The Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU)

By |2017-03-02T08:30:22+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Nkomo and Garfield Todd

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:The Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU)

  • It was formed eight days after the NDP was banned
  • The Whitehead government was planning for election in 1962 under the new constitution
  • It constricted its repressive laws and […]

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