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History O Level Notes 2017-03-22T11:52:03+00:00

Great Zimbabwe Ruins

Paper 1: Southern Africa (African History)

Introduction
  1. Early Societies (Late Stone Age – Early Iron Age):
    1. Features of the late stone age
    2. The Early Iron Age: Features of the Early Iron Age:
      1. Bantu Migrations:
        1. Effects of the Bantu Migrations
      2. Rise of Agriculture and Domestication and Rearing of animals
      3. Effects of the usage of iron
      4. The development and effects of trade
      5. Political and religious developments of the Early Iron Age
      6. Other developments of the Early Iron Age
    3. The late Iron Age:
      1. Differences between the Early and Late Iron Age
  2. Great Zimbabwe:
    1. Reasons for the building of Great Zimbabwe
    2. Reasons for the rise of the Great Zimbabwe state
    3. The structure of Great Zimbabwe:
      1. The purpose of the Great Zimbabwe structures
    4. Political Organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State
    5. Social organisation of the Great Zimbabwe State
    6. Social groups and crafts practised by the people at Great Zimbabwe.
    7. The economic activities of Great Zimbabwe
    8. Religious Organisation
    9. Reasons for the Fall of the Great Zimbabwe State
  3. Mutapa Kingdom:
    1. The Origin and Rise of the Mutapa State
    2. The Political Organisation of the Mutapa State
    3. The economic organisation of the Mutapa State/Kingdom
    4. The religious organisation of the Mutapa State:
      1. A list of the Svikiros/Mhondoros found in the Mutapa State
    5. A List of Rulers in the Mutapa State/Kingdom
    6. The Provinces of the Mutapa Kingdom/State
    7. Trade in the Mutapa State/Kingdom:
      1. Items the Mutapa State traded with the Portuguese
      2. Importance and effects of foreign trade in the Mutapa state
    8. Military Organisation of the Mutapa State
    9. The Portuguese who visited the Mutapa Kingdom/State
    10. Reasons for the rise of the Mutapa state
    11. Methods used by the Portuguese to control the Mutapa State
    12. Benefits and damage of the Portuguese activities to the Mutapa State
    13. Reasons for the fall of the Mutapa State
    14. The Mutapa rulers who resisted Portuguese control and those who cooperated
    15. Crops grown by the Portuguese in their Prazos
    16. The importance of cattle in the Mutapa and Rozvi states
    17. The officials found at Mutapa Court in the Mutapa state
    18. Did the people of the Mutapa state benefit from the expansion of the state?
  4. Rozvi Kingdom:
    1. Political Organisation of the Rozvi
    2. Economic organisation of the Rozvi State
    3. The Social Organisation of the Rozvi State
    4. The importance of cattle in the Mutapa and Rozvi states
    5. Government officials in the Rozvi State
    6. Reasons for the fall of the Rozvi State
  5. Ndebele Kingdom
    1. Settlements Established by the Ndebele on their way from Zululand
    2. Groups fought by the Ndebele on their way from Zululand
    3. People who occupied Western Zimbabwe when the Ndebele arrived
    4. The Khumalo/ Ndebele Migration from Zululand
    5. Problems faced by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand
    6. The Economic Organization of the Ndebele State
    7. The Social Organization of the Ndebele State
    8. Religious Organisation of the Ndebele State
    9. Political organization of the Ndebele State
    10. Military Organization of the Ndebele State
1. Social and economic developments

2. Political and judicial developments

3. Foreign policy

Paper 2: International Affairs (European History)

Overview
Democracy And Human Rights.
1. Formative years (1919 – 1925)

2. Nationalists vs. Communists (1925 – 1949)

3. China under the Communists (1949 – 1976)

1. The United National Organisation
a) The Treaties and Steps taken to form the United Nations (UN)

2. The Organisation of African Unity 3. The Commonwealth