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March 2017

Mussolini’s Foreign policy

By | 2017-03-22T10:24:31+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Benito Mussolini with Adolf Hitler. Image credit Smithsonian Magazine

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Mussolini’s Foreign policy

Foreign expansion

  • As things got difficult at home Mussolini started embarking on foreign adventures.
  • He praised glories of war and promised the recreation of the Roman Empire […]

Negative effects of Mussolini’s domestic policies

By | 2017-03-22T10:13:54+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Anti-fascist protester being arrested

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Negative effects of Mussolini’s domestic policies

  • People lost their freedom of expression because of censorship.
  • There was lack of individual freedom.
  • Not all Italians were employed.
  • Loss of lives as those who opposed Fascim […]

Benefits of Mussolini’s domestic Policy

By | 2017-03-22T08:58:11+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Circus Maximus was cleaned as part of Mussolini’s domestic policies. Image credit umass.edu

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Mussolini’s Domestic Policy and Achievements

  • Employment creation through the public works and other employment schemes in the army and in industries.
  • Transport and communications were […]

Mussolini’s Domestic Policy and Achievements

By | 2017-03-22T08:31:58+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini giving a speech.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Mussolini’s Domestic Policy and Achievements

One of Mussolini’s major aim was economic self-sufficiency with policies like the battle for grain, the battle for babies and the battle of the LIRA.

Battle of Grain

  • Mussolini encourage […]

Mussolini: Main features of Fascist Dictatorship

By | 2017-03-22T08:17:50+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini’s dictatorship was characterized by autocratic leadership

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Main features of Fascist Dictatorship

  1. Anti-democratic tendencies.
  2. Propaganda
  3. Self sufficiency.
  4. Totalitarianism and autocratic leadership
  5. Extreme nationalism.
  6. Emphasis on the country/groups/community rather than an individual.
  7. Anti-communism.
  8. Supremacy of state.
  9. National unity.
  10. One […]

How Mussolini established total control in Italy between 1922 and 1930

By | 2017-03-22T08:07:45+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini during one of his rallies.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: How Mussolini established total control in Italy between 1922 and 1930

Benito Mussolini took several steps to establish and consolidate his power in Italy.

The methods used by the Fascists to gain support

By | 2017-03-22T08:02:17+00:00 March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini leading the Blackshirts on the March to Rome.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: The methods used by the Fascists to gain support

  • The use of force-They used violence to kill off prominent opposition members.
  • Intimidation-those with debts were threatened with harsher and […]

Energy:Thermal power

By | 2017-03-21T08:58:04+00:00 March 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Hwange Thermal Power Station. Image credit businessdaily.co.zw

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Energy:Thermal power

  • In thermal power production, fuel is used to heat water in huge boilers, converting this water into steam.
  • The steam at high pressure and through pipes, is directed to turbines.
  • The pressure turns the turbines […]

The siting and production of hydro-electric power: Rivers and Space

By | 2017-03-21T08:46:09+00:00 March 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The Zambezi River and the Victoria Falls. Image credit thesafarisource.com/

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Energy:The siting and production of hydro-electric power

Large perennial rivers

  • These are also important and necessary for establishing HEP stations.
  • These ensure a constant supply of a large volume of water required.
  • When the rivers […]