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Did the people of the Mutapa state benefit from the expansion of the state?

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Did the people of the Mutapa state benefit from the expansion of the state?

An early Portuguese map showing the Mutapa state

An early Portuguese map showing the Mutapa state. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Mutapa State:Did the people of the Mutapa state benefit from the expansion of the state?

  • The expansion of the Mutapa state brought with it some benefits including:
  • Trade items from the conquered lands.
  • The people and chiefdoms of the conquered state paid tribute to the king who redistributed this wealth to the people during times of drought.
  • The state obtained new land for cultivation.
  • New mining concerns were found within the conquered lands.
  • These minerals were traded with the Portuguese who came into contact with the Mutapa because of the size of the state.
  • Gained more pastureland for their animals.
  • Gained more hunting grounds which mean more ivory and meat.

However the expansion also had its own drawbacks including:

  • The vast size of the state and paired with poor communication systems led to failure of the state as breakaway factions emerged.
  • Some vassal chiefs rebelled against the Mutapa and refused to pay tribute.
  • During succession disputes factions fought in civil wars as chiefs and sub-rulers chose sides.

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

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By | 2017-01-17T11:16:33+00:00 October 29th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|0 Comments

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